Human Trafficking

Human trafficking occurs when a person is forced into a service against their will—usually forced work or prostitution. Often one person controls another by exploiting a vulnerability. The control can be physical, financial, or psychological.

Magnitude of Problem

40.3 million people in forced labor, sexual exploitation, and forced marriage worldwide

$150 billion annually in profits

World's fastest-growing criminal industry

Trafficking Tiers

Tier 3 governments are doing the least to eliminate trafficking.

Root of the Problem

Economics. Trafficking is cost-effective—meeting consumers’ demand for low priced goods and services. It’s profitable. Exploiters earn up to 1000x profit on a sex worker.

This leads to recruiting and coercing low-cost laborers or slaves to produce goods (clothing, coffee, fish) and offer services (paid sex, domestic help) at lower prices and higher volume. This labor is performed by the most economically desperate, who are at high risk of exploitation.

Types of Trafficking

Non-Sexual Forced Labor (50%): Work done under the threat of a penalty such as violence or harm to family. People are often further controlled by debt bondage.

Sexual Forced Labor (12%): Controlled by violence, threats, substance abuse, deception, or grooming, with extreme physical or psychological domination.

Domestic Servitude or Forced Marriage (38%): Forced to provide services with the obligation to live on or in a property without the possibility of changing those circumstances.

Signs of Trafficking


How We Are Fighting Human Trafficking

Click below to read Unseen's vision for the future.